Wednesday, January 1, 2014 Daily Archives

Electrophoresis: Analysis By Size and Charge

BPI Lab An essential method in modern analytical laboratories, electrophoresis separates macromolecules (DNA, RNA, and proteins) for analysis based on their size and charge. The popular sodium-dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) technique uses a gel medium. Capillary electrophoresis (CE) can separate ionic species by charge and hydrodynamic radii as well as frictional forces in small electrolyte-filled capillaries. Cheryl Scott looks at the history and applications of these techniques, highlights their appearance in past BPI articles, and points to some…

Establishing a Research Agenda in Bioproduction

In an audiocast with managing editor Maribel Rios, Rick Johnston (principal at Bioproduction Group), discusses his views on some changes in the biomanufacturing industry since his January 2008 article, “Establishing a Research Agenda in Bioproduction.” In that article, Johnston reviewed some of the industry’s operational challenges, including the need for supply chain reliability, uncertainty in demand and production processes, and variability in quality assurance and quality control. In the audiocast, he talks about steps the industry has taken toward addressing…

Hydrophobic Interaction Chromatography: Effects of Mixed Electrolytes on Protein Separations

For HIC separations, parameters other than resin surface modifications can be employed to enhance performance. This application note addresses the electrolyte composition of the mobile phase as one parameter responsible for protein adsorption and desorption. The results presented illustrate the benefits regarding capacity and selectivity in HIC of often neglected salts and their mixtures.

Analysis By Size and Charge

An early BPI Lab article addressed the power of liquid chromatographic separations for biopharmaceutical laboratory use (1). Such techniques separate biomolecules based on a number of different properties: size, solubility, hydrophobicity/-philicity, binding affinity. The next most powerful means of separation — and thus high-resolution identification — of nucleic acids and proteins/peptides is based primarily on electrostatic properties: electrophoresis. Although it doesn’t really work in a process or preparative setting, it is a fundamental technique in modern biopharmaceutical laboratories, where it…

Assay Acceptance Criteria for Multiwell-Plate–Based Biological Potency Assays

For most biopharmaceuticals, potency is assessed in a bioassay by comparing dose–response curves of the test material and a reference standard. As with all analytical techniques, such assays require criteria by which their execution can be judged objectively to be valid, regardless of whether the desired or expected result is obtained for the test sample. PRODUCT FOCUS: BIOLOGICSPROCESSFOCUS: R&D, QCWHO SHOULD READ: PRODUCT AND PROCESS DEVELOPMENT, ANALYTICAL, QCKEYWORDS: IMMUNOASSAYS, POTENCY ASSAYS, PRODUCT RELEASE, REFERENCE STANDARDS, CONTROL SAMPLES, SAMPLE ACCEPTANCELEVEL: ADVANCED…

Optimizing for the Future

The 2013 biennial meeting of the European Society for Animal Cell Technology (ESACT) was in Lille, France this past June. While there, BPI editorial advisor Miriam Monge (vice president of Biopharm Services Ltd.) interviewed ESACT executive committee member Hitto Kaufmann, PhD (vice president of biopharmaceutical process sciences for Boehringer Ingelheim). They talked about some scientific developments being discussed at this year’s ESACT conference as well as Boehringer Ingelheim’s recent announcement about setting up in China and Kaufmann’s own thoughts on…

Accounting for the Donnan Effect in Diafiltration Optimization for High-Concentration UFDF Applications

The biopharmaceutical industry is targeting high-concentration protein formulations to enable subcutaneous administrations. Such administration can provide better patient convenience than intravenous administration. One challenge associated with high-concentration formulations is increased electrostatic interaction between proteins and excipients. That is a result of increased protein-charge density at high protein concentrations. Such interactions can create an offset between excipient levels in final products and diafiltration buffers in ultrafiltration processes. The effect of such electrostatic interactions in a membrane process is known as the…

Design of Experiments for Fed-Batch Process Development in Shaken Cultures

When designing a recombinant protein production process, a high number of parallel cultivations must be carried out. That task is typically performed using batch cultures in shake flasks or microwell plates, in which fermentation conditions are not monitored. To overcome that limitation, we combined the SensorDish Reader and Shake Flask Reader systems (from PreSens) with an enzymatic glucose delivery system (EnBase technology from BioSilta Oy) for Escherichia coli cultivations. Our objective was to determine whether SensorDish reader cultures would yield…

Outsourcing Facility Safety for Biomanufacturing

As the life-science industry increasingly outsources noncore functions, some companies are finding that managing the expanding web of safety and environmental requirements associated with various functions is, in turn, growing vastly more complex. As multiple third parties handle numerous noncore activities, the risk — and headaches — of monitoring them effectively is a growing challenge by any standard. At first glance, the lowest-risk solution for many organizations may seem to be managing associated safety programs with in-house personnel and programs.…