Author Archives: Carlos Eduardo Espinosa-de la Garza

Opportunities in the Field of Host Cell Proteins: Part 2: Ensuring Patient Safety

Process-related impurities such as host cell proteins (HCPs) can raise concerns about biological product efficacy, quality, safety depending on their properties and levels. In the first part of this series, we surveyed relevant regulatory frameworks and detailed potential effects of HCPs on biologic efficacy. Here in part 2, we review available literature on HCPs and patient safety, including information about HCP-related immune responses and adverse clinical events. HCP Effects on Patient Safety At least five HCP-induced factors can influence a…

Opportunities in the Field of Host-Cell Proteins Part 1: Their Sources and Implications for Protein-Drug Efficacy

Biopharmaceuticals are produced in genetically modified cells; thus, they contain process-and product-related impurities. Those deriving from manufacturing processes include host cell DNA/RNA, viral DNA/RNA, cellular debris, lipids, and host-cell proteins (HCPs) (1). Mammalian, bacterial, fungal, insect, and plant cell lines have been used to overexpress recombinant proteins. Currently, the most frequently used hosts for biomolecule synthesis are Escherichia coli and Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. E. coli has been used to produce heterologous proteins since the beginning of the biotechnology…