Author Archives: Christos Stamatis

Cell-Free Synthesis of Highly Potent Recombinant Neurotoxins: A Process Economic Feasibility Study

Since its inception four decades ago, cell-free synthesis (CFS) has been used to produce biomolecules such as RNA, DNA, peptides, and proteins (1). However, most of these applications have been in early stage research and small-scale proof-of-concept studies, with rare examples of large-scale production. The slow industrial uptake of CFS has been attributed to low productivity, which suggests an uneconomical path to large-scale manufacture. Typically, a CFS platform includes a genetic template (encoding the product of interest), chemical additives (nucleotides…

Toward a Roadmap for Cell-Free Synthesis in Bioprocessing

Cell-free synthesis (CFS), also known as cell-free transcription and translation, supplements cellular components (either a cell lysate or purified recombinant elements) with nucleotides, amino acids, metabolic intermediates, and salts to produce a nucleic acid or protein from a genetic template added to the reaction. This exciting technology has seen a substantial increase in both academic and commercial interest over the past decade (1). Interest stems in large part from the potential to democratize access to the machinery of biology by…