Author Archives: Thomas Wombaker

Validating Prefiltration Dirty-Hold Times for Upstream Media and Feed Solutions: Implications for Establishing In-Process Microbial Control

Biopharmaceutical manufacturing processes require that prepared raw materials and product intermediates be held at different stages. During hold times, however, process and product intermediates are susceptible to microbial risks from bioburden, endotoxins, and exotoxins. Such risks arise from multiple sources, including bioproduction facilities, equipment, operations, and raw materials. Even a prepared intermediate can help microbes to grow. The US Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA’s) guidance on Sterile Drug Products Produced By Aseptic Processing states that “the time limits established for…