2018

Proposing a Systematic QbD Approach Toward Validated Guidelines for CMO RFI and RFP Processes: Biopharmaceutical Vendor Evaluation and Selection Minimum Standards (BioVesel)

Three major concerns predominate biotechnology executive management in organizations of all sizes and above all other risks: finance (or its absence at critical moments), technological performance, and failures in coordination. Some business functions, such as human resources (HR), are effectively siloed horizontally and therein are more likely to be susceptible to only one of those risks (1). Few functions are subject to this trinity of risks simultaneously; all functions may be exposed to failures in internal coordination, and a smaller…

Using Data and Advanced Analytics to Improve Chromatography and Batch Comparisons

With all the hype surrounding the industrial Internet of Things (IoT), cloud computing, and digital transformations, the most important information technology factors still are data and the connections of sensors, systems, and applications that generate, store, find, and use those data to obtain operational intelligence. Data volumes are increasing rapidly, and they will continue to do so. The ability to find and make sense of data to obtain intelligence that improves process outcomes is more important than ever. For clinical-…

Intensification of Influenza Virus Purification: From Clarified Harvest to Formulated Product in a Single Shift

Influenza is a global respiratory disease with an estimated mortality of up to a half million people per year (1). The majority of traditional influenza vaccines are still produced in eggs. Downstream processing typically consists of clarification by centrifugation, concentration by ultrafiltration, and purification by ultracentrifugation (2). Recombinant vaccines are most often purified by chromatography. Chromatographic purification of viruses already has achieved major improvements in recovery and scalability (3), but it also is important because it enables virus purification to…

Rational Selection of Sugars for Biotherapeutic Stabilization: A Practitioner’s Perspective

Biotherapeutics from recombinant DNA technology include diverse modalities such as peptides; enzymes, antibodies, and other proteins; nucleic acids; and cellular therapies. Such products present physical, chemical, and biophysical challenges. Excipients used in stabilization of these biotherapeutics can be broadly classified into the following classes (subgroups) that have been reviewed carefully elsewhere (1–4) : Buffers (e.g., phosphate, acetate, and histidine) Tonicity agents/stabilizers (sugars such as sucrose, polyols such as sorbitol) Bulking agents (lyoprotectants such as mannitol) Surfactants (e.g., polysorbates) Antioxidants (e.g.,…

Sticking In or Standing Out? Dichotomy in Vaccine Purification By Chromatography

A general vaccine purification strategy can be divided into three stages, with one or more steps for each stage. The first stage is to concentrate and isolate the target molecule quickly to remove it from conditions that could lead to its inactivation or loss. Intermediate purification seeks to remove remaining contaminants, typically using an orthogonal approach. That is followed by a polishing step in which trace impurities are removed through high-efficiency steps because those impurities usually are similar to the…

Process Analytics and Intermediate Purification of Bispecific Antibodies with a Non-Affinity Platform

The therapeutic benefits of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have been demonstrated in recent decades with uncontestable success as treatments for human disease. Despite MAbs’ key features such as specificity, selectivity, and safety, the format has limitations (1, 2). Bispecific antibodies may overcome number of difficulties (3). Multiple formats of bispecific antibodies have been developed, although only the κλ-body is fully human and devoid of linkers or mutations. It requires no genetic modifications of heavy and light chains and results in bispecific antibodies…

Improving Bioreactor Performance Measuring Dissolved Oxygen to Determine kLa

In recent years the biopharmaceutical industry has significantly increased the demands it makes on bioreactor systems. Efficient and reproducible production of active pharmaceuticals of high quality and in large quantities is of highest priority. However, bioprocessing is a complex topic. Numerous factors affect growth of cells in culture but are difficult to determine and interpret reliably. One of the most relevant performance parameters is the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa). It describes the efficiency of gas transfer (e.g., oxygen) from…

Ask the Expert on Ceramic Hydroxyapatite Chromatography Media: How to Start

Bio-Rad’s CHT Ceramic Hydroxyapatite XT (CHT XT) calcium-affinity cation-exchange chromatography medium is used for purifying numerous types of biomolecules, with single-step clearance of impurities and aggregates in monoclonal antibody (MAb) purification. This is an easy-to-use mixed-mode medium, which is both ligand and support matrix in one. In an “Ask the Expert” webinar on 18 July 2018, Mark Snyder (manager of the process chromatography R&D applications group at Bio-Rad Laboratories) discussed its application and use at process scale, providing guidelines on…

Ask the Expert: Key Considerations for Advanced Therapies Manufacturing

On 12 September 2018, Thomas Page, PhD (vice president of engineering and asset development at Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies, FDB) shared a brief overview of challenges encountered in manufacturing of advanced biotherapeutics. Page’s Presentation FDB is a contract and development manufacturing organization (CDMO) that uses microbial and mammalian cell lines to produce protein therapeutics as well as viral vaccines and gene therapies. The company’s Center of Excellence for Advance Therapies Manufacturing is located in Texas. FDB set out some years ago…

Ask the Expert: Bioproduction Efficiencies Gained Using ExpiCHO Stable Production Medium

The transition from transient to stable production workflow with Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells requires a change in culture medium. On 22 August 2018, Shreya Lowmaster (field applications scientist at Thermo Fisher Scientific) discussed transient to stable solutions for moving from research to commercial production. Lowmaster’s Presentation  Researchers are demanding higher titers in transient systems, and many people use CHO systems as an alternative to HEK293 cells. The Thermo Fisher Gibco ExpiCHO Expression System kit was developed for transient expressing…