Downstream Processing

TOYOPEARL® AF-rProtein A HC-650F: Economic Advantages of Using a High Capacity Protein A Resin

TOYOPEARL AF-rProtein A HC-650F and two other commercially available protein A resins (one of them also a “high capacity” resin) were compared on a cost-per-gram of monoclonal antibody (mAb) produced basis at multiple resin prices from $7,000 to $17,000 per liter as well as three different column configurations. For in-depth comparison, the median resin price of $12,000 per liter was used as a basis to determine comparative production costs among the three resins tested. The configuration used to model what…

Efficient Removal of Endotoxins and Viruses By Anion-Exchange Chromatography

Various unit operations are needed in downstream processing (DSP) of biologics to remove process‑related impurities such as host‑cell proteins, nucleic acids, viruses, and endotoxins. This application note describes the potential of a salt‑tolerant anion‑exchange resin to achieve outstanding clearance of endotoxins and viruses. Introduction Endotoxins are lipopolysaccharides (LPS) originating from cell membranes of Gram‑negative bacteria. They are frequent contaminants of recombinant proteins produced in microbial expression systems. On the other hand, expression of more complex proteins in eukaryotic systems carries…