Downstream

Characterization of Subvisible Particles in Vaccine Development

Vaccine manufacturers want meaningful information that can be linked to process knowledge to increase product quality and eliminate patient safety issues. New requirements from the United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) put pressure for root cause analysis to understand impact on changes during process and product development. The new demands involve not only size and distribution but deeper characterization that involves morphology and composition studies as part of particle characterization. Nanoparticles like virus,…

Safety Considerations for Gas Filtration in High-Temperature and Oxygen Enrichment Applications

Gas filtration using sterilization-grade filters is a key part of the production, manufacturing and packaging process of biopharmaceuticals and other products. While it may seem a simple step, there are major safety considerations that have to be taken in to account to protect staff, equipment and facilities from hazard, particularly when working in high temperature and oxygen enrichment applications. This paper examines the safety issues involved, looks at material design considerations and introduces a ready-made solution for safe, effective, robust…

Monoclonal Antibody Production: Viral Clearance and Host Cell Protein Reduction Using a High Capacity Single-Use Strong Anion Exchange Device

Strong anion exchange (Q) chromatography is an industry standard for polishing purification steps of mAb production. It is a proven technology which removes viruses, and host cell proteins from process feed streams in flow through mode. NatriFlo HD-Q devices adsorbers feature a hydrogel membrane which combines high dynamic binding capacity and salt tolerance to deliver best-inclass performance. This makes it possible to rapidly process large sample volumes using a small disposable device. This article examines the ability of NatriFlo HD-Q…

Monitoring Protein Unfolding and Refolding

Proteins exist in a highly ordered, folded state. This highly ordered structure of a protein is integral to the efficacy and safety of a protein-based biotherapeutic. Protein unfolding and refolding are an indicator of protein stability. As a protein begins to unfold, the hydrodynamic radii of the protein species change. Denaturation of proteins may range from slight and reversible conformational changes to a drastic loss of solubility, leading to irreversible aggregation. Monitoring the stability of the different protein conformations is…

Changing Column Packing from an Art into a Science

Chromatography is often the most critical step in biopharmaceutical downstream processing because of its role as the engine for separating impurities from target biologics. The most demanding operation in production scale chromatography is typically packing the column in a way that ensures first time success and a validation result which meets the batch record standards. Traditionally column packing has been the responsibility of a few specialist operators and has been regarded almost as an art by most observers. When the…

Monoclonal Antibody Production: Viral Clearance and Host Cell Protein Reduction Using a High Capacity Single-Use Strong Anion Exchange Device

Strong anion exchange (Q) chromatography is an industry standard for polishing purification steps of mAb production. It is a proven technology which removes viruses, and host cell proteins from process feed streams in flow through mode. NatriFlo HD-Q devices adsorbers feature a hydrogel membrane which combines high dynamic binding capacity and salt tolerance to deliver best-inclass performance. This makes it possible to rapidly process large sample volumes using a small disposable device. This article examines the ability of NatriFlo HD-Q…

The Effect of Membrane Selection and Operating Parameters on Sterile Filtration of Hyaluronic Acid

Hyaluronic acid (HA)-based solutions are traditionally difficult to filter, due to their high viscosity. Many users have found sterile filtration of hyaluronic acid solutions very challenging to implement, from both an economical, as well as a practical standpoint. This White Paper evaluates commercially-available sterilizing-grade products for filtration of HA and explains how sterilizing-grade filters can offer a highly efficient, economical solution even under the worst-case bacterial challenge conditions. It outlines how the combination of various properties of HA-based solutions and…

Best Practices For Successful Filter Integrity Testing Using The Water Intrusion Test (WIT) Method

Hydrophobic filter cartridges which utilize sterilizing-grade polyvinylidene fluoride or polytetrafluoroethylene membranes are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry to sterilize compressed air or gases for product contact, as well as acting as sterile tank vents. However, hydrophobic membranes can also make filter integrity testing in situ difficult, as the membrane must be fully wetted prior to testing by the widely accepted integrity test methods of Bubble Point and Forward Flow. The Water Intrusion Test (WIT) is widely accepted within the…

CaPure-HA™: Purification of MAb Fragments

Making use of chromatography resins with better selectivity, resolution and capacity is one approach to solving the problem not only of aggregate removal, but also that of MAb fragment and other digest products, in a column chromatography purification step. The data presented here demonstrate the capabilities of CaPure-HA to separate Fab and Fc fragments from undigested MAb in a papain digest of an IgG1 monoclonal antibody.

Cadence™ Single-Pass TFF Coupled with Chromatography Steps Enables Continuous Bioprocessing While Reducing Processing Times and Volumes

Continuous bioprocessing initiatives have accelerated in recent years. The transition from batch to continuous bioprocessing offers numerous advantages, including process time savings and lower capital costs due to smaller equipment, tanks, and tubing sizes. Additionally, hold tanks may no longer be needed between unit operations, which can be especially valuable for facilities with limited manufacturing floor space. Furthermore, reduced system hold-up volumes improve product recoveries and also contribute to the smaller system footprint of continuous bioprocessing systems. One unit of…