Chromatography

Understanding Viral Clearance During Anion-Exchange Chromatography: A Novel Design of Experiments Approach

Anion-exchange (AEX) chromatography is a well-established polishing step for removal of viruses and other impurities during downstream processing of biotherapeutics. Before initiating phase 1 clinical trials, a representative scaled-down model of the final process must be available for use in viral-clearance studies. At that point, however, scientists usually have no way of knowing how effective a process will be for removing viruses. In this article, scientists from Thermo Fisher Scientific and Bristol Myers Squibb (BMS) describe their efforts to define…

Predictive Algorithm Modeling for Early Assessments in Downstream Processing: Using Direct Transition and Moment Analysis To Assess Chromatography Column Integrity at Production Scale

Failure to detect breaches in chromatography column performance can be disastrous during large-scale commercial manufacturing. Our company uses algorithm modeling for near–real-time monitoring of column packing quality and sensitive detection of column-integrity breaches. The approach enables us to mitigate risks early on, save cost and time, and thereby deliver consistent product quality and purity during manufacturing. Here we discuss three case studies in which predictive algorithm modeling using moment analysis and direct transition analysis (DTA) helped us monitor column integrity…

Application of an Effective In-Line Analytical Instrument for Biopharmaceutical Development and Manufacture

The rapid advancement and competitiveenvironment of the modern biopharmaceutical industry, accompanied by the need for continuous quality improvement, demand robust analytical instruments. Analytical technology is one key factor contributing to the quality and safety of finished products. Ongoing improvements in analytical instruments are needed to address new challenges, including specificity of target substances, high complexity of matrices, and multiple production stages with a number of input and output parameters and peculiarities. Those factors point to the demand for a versatile…

Production and Purification of Newcastle Disease Virus: A High-Yield Platform Process Based on a Novel Avian Cell Line and Monolith Chromatography

Newcastle disease is an extremely infectious condition among domesticated poultry and other avian species. Its high morbidity and mortality rates among infected birds give the disease significant economic importance. Thus, many commercially available vaccines based on live or inactivated virions are used globally to protect against Newcastle disease infection. The causative agent is Newcastle disease virus (NDV), which belongs to the Paramyxoviridae family. NDV is a single-stranded, negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus of avian origin that is highly attenuated in humans…

A Novel Membrane Technology for Robust, Scalable Antibody Capture

Biopharmaceutical manufacturers usually apply resin-based affinity- chromatography media for monoclonal-antibody (MAb) capture. Such materials are costly, and their biophysical limitations can create operational difficulties. In an October 2022 webinar, Volkmar Thom (director of membrane chromatography R&D at Sartorius) spoke about his company’s development of a “convecdiff” affinity membrane. He described how the technology can help users to intensify capture processes, reducing downstream manufacturing costs. The Presentation Protein A resins contain porous beads of 50–100 μm in diameter. MAbs must diffuse…

eBook: Chromatography Column Packing — Best Practices and Considerations from Laboratory to Manufacturing Scale

Column chromatography is a powerful separation tool for biopharmaceutical research and industry, with applications ranging from laboratory bench-scale purification to process development and commercial-scale manufacturing of biotherapeutics. Ensuring the highest quality of separations depends on many factors, including the technique used for packing the chromatography column. Well-packed columns provide for the best chromatographic separations. Successful column packing ensures proper mobile-phase distribution and resin contact. Scaling up to large columns can introduce many challenges. Manufacturers of chromatography media provide best-practice advice…

Overcoming the Productivity Bottleneck in MAb Capture

It is no secret that progress toward intensifying monoclonal antibody (MAb) production processes has focused on upstream steps. Although the industry welcomed increased production, that also created bottlenecks in downstream processing, including during capture chromatography steps. Technologies that are intended to alleviate such bottlenecks must meet four important criteria to increase productivity and profitability. They must • improve productivity of the MAb capture process, such as by purifying more MAbs, using less media, and/or reducing timelines. • perform as well…

Two-Step Monoclonal Antibody Purification Using a Multicolumn Continuous Chromatography Platform

Biomanufacturers typically have relied on multistep processes for optimal removal of impurities such as host-cell proteins (HCPs), DNA, adventitious viruses, and aggregates. However, additional purification steps increase downstream expenses significantly, including costs of supplementary resin, hardware, and buffers. The substantial footprint required at a processing site and additional time needed to perform a complete multistep purification process also increase production costs and complicate process execution. Thus, it is imperative to design and test effective purification procedures for high-quality biotherapeutics, but…

eBook: Chromatography — Addressing Pain Points To Mitigate Downstream Bottlenecks

Compared with significant advances in upstream production of recombinant proteins, downstream purification processes have undergone far less development over the past twenty or thirty years. Technologies are emerging for continuous-mode and/or multicolumn chromatography (MCC) operations, but commercial-scale biomanufacturing operations still rely on chromatography equipment and processes that closely resemble those used at the advent of monoclonal antibody (MAb) manufacturing. Thus, chromatography operations generally have not kept pace with upstream gains, resulting in manufacturing bottlenecks at purification stages. Compounding that concern…

Mechanistic Modeling for a Hydrophobic-Interaction Chromatography Process: Use in Vaccine Antigen Purification

Bioprocess models and simulations are the basis for digital twins, which are virtual representations of physical processes and enabling methods of biopharma 4.0. Early adopters in the industry have shown potential application of this approach in nearly all stages of a product development life cycle. Experts in academia and the biopharmaceutical industry have studied mechanistic modeling as the main method of chromatography modeling. Mechanistic models are mathematical descriptions of physiochemical phenomena. They are based on first principles and thus can…