Downstream Processing

Next Generation Depth Filters for the Clarification of Flocculated Mammalian Cell Culture

Increasingly high cell density, high product titer cell cultures, containing mammalian cells are placing a larger burden on traditional downstream clarification and purification operations due to higher product and impurity levels. EMD Millipore has addressed these challenges by developing a proprietary single-use technology to improve primary and secondary direct depth filtration of flocculated high cell density mammalian cell cultures. The use of graded depth filters, combined with pre-treatment technologies, have achieved higher primary throughput capacities and lower flushing volumes as…

Liquid-Liquid Porometry of Viresolve® Pro Membrane

A liquid-liquid porometry (LLP) test was developed to characterize the pore size distribution of Viresolve® Pro membrane. Data generated by this test supports the understanding of the size-based virus removal mechanism of the filter. The LLP test also is used at-line during membrane casting. Process control based on LLP results improves membrane consistency.

Platform Purification of a Domain Antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are very successful for treatment of several different cancers and tumors. However, the low tissue penetration has led to the development of smaller sized biopharmaceuticals (Ab fragments) such as Fabs, single chain Fv (scFv) and domain antibodies (Dabs). These molecules lack the Fc part of the antibody making a platform purification approach using Protein A impossible. However, with the introduction of the Protein L based affinity chromatography media (Capto™ L) new possibilities are introduced for capture of…

Progress On A Fully Disposable Downstream Platform: A Simple, Risk-Free, Plug-in Solution To Solve The DSP Bottleneck

Natrix HD Membrane technology features a polymeric hydrogel formed within a flexible porous support matrix. The support matrix provides mechanical strength, while the hydrogel properties determine the separation chemistry of the product. An advantage of the Natrix chemistry is the ability to place virtually any functional group chemistry throughout the hydrogel polymer. Natrix HD membrane technology combines the superior binding capacity of conventional resinbased columns with the high throughput of membranes in a single-use format that eliminates costly packing, cleaning,…

Aggregate Removal from Monoclonal Antibody with Nuvia™ HR-S Media

Nuvia HR-S media is a new cation exchanger designed for high resolution of closely related product impurities such as aggregates. It delivers excellent resolution, with a final aggregate content of <0.3%, and high recovery of >80% from a heterogeneous feed of monoclonal antibody aggregates and monomer. Aggregate content and recovery in the eluate were shown to be functions of the target conductivity measured at the end of collection.

A Case Study: 3-step Process for Efficient mAb Purification

This study showcases a portfolio of commercially available biopharmaceutical chromatography resins designed for the efficient purification of monoclonal antibodies. A 3-step purification process has been implemented which showed effective removal of the main contaminants, low ligand leakage, and high yields over the entire process. Eshmuno® A affinity chromatography resin was evaluated as the first step in the process. The Protein A elution pool was further purified using cation exchange chromatography. Two cation exchange resins with different selectivities were compared. The…

A New Mixed-Mode Resin for Large Scale Biomolecule Purification

Chromatographic resins with high capacities and selectivities differing from those seen with traditional hydrophobic interaction and ion exchange media are now in demand. Mixed-mode chromatography media is an alternative. Some mixed-mode resins combine both traditional hydrophobic interaction and ion exchange media. This poster introduces TOYOPEARL® MX-Trp-650M, a high-capacity weak cation mixed-mode resin for the purification of biomolecules. The polymethacrylic base bead was chemically modified with the amino acid tryptophan which combines a weak cationic group with a hydrophobic functional group.…

Purification of Antibody Fragments: A New Route for Capture

Antibody fragments have the potential to become the next important class of protein-based biotherapeutics after monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). The introduction of Capto™ L, with its protein L ligand, provides a possibility for an industrial platform purification approach for capture of this class of biomolecules. Capto L can bind a broad range of antibody fragments containing kappa light chains. Capto L is the latest member of chromatographic media (resins) in the toolbox consisting of several different products with affinity for the…

Comparison of Commercial Kits for Extraction of Residual Host Cell DNA

Expression of therapeutic proteins in cultured cells is a cost effective method for production of commercial quantities of a drug substance. However, the manufacturing and purification process of these products leaves the potential for DNA contamination from the host cells. Due to the theoretical potential for the transfer of oncogenes from the host cell, the WHO has set a residual host cell DNA limit of 10ng/dose in biologic therapeutics. Regulatory agencies have set allowable limits between 100pg/dose and 10ng/dose depending…

EtoxiClear™: A New Adsorbent for the Efficient Removal of Endotoxin From Biopharmaceuticals

Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are highly toxic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria and are often present in significant amounts in bacterial cell culture expression systems such as E. coli. A number of methods have been adopted for the removal of endotoxin based on adsorption, in particular ion-exchange chromatography. Although downstream processing can significantly reduce endotoxin levels in the product, efficient and cost-effective removal of residual endotoxin from biopharmaceutical preparations remains a challenge. This technical poster addresses the…