Upstream Processing

In Silico and In Vitro Tools for the Rational Design and Optimization of Novel Vaccines

Subunit vaccines have been shown to have an excellent safety and stability profile compared to the more traditional inactivated or live attenuated vaccines. However, this increased safety is accompanied by the fact that subunit vaccines are often less immunogenic and require adjuvants to induce immunological memory. Comprehensive vaccine design and optimisation approaches can be used to identify the immunogenic parts of the pathogen that contain the B cell and T cell epitopes required for an immune response. Rationally designed vaccines…

New Flexsafe Bag Family: Combining Material Science, Film Expertise and QbD for Reliable and Consistent Cell Growth

The technical and economic benefits of single-use are well known and the bio-manufacturing industry is broadening their adoption in all steps of commercial production. This poster reviews the challenge of poor or inconsistent cell growth associated with the use of single-use bags for media storage and cell culture and how the solutions offered with the new Flexsafe bag family meet these new requirements. The poster introduces a new product development and supply chain management strategy that involves the use of…

Regulation of cell apoptosis by insulin and IGF-I

An increase in the number of cells growing in cell culture is the result of two opposing effects: an increase in the number of cells that traverse the cell cycle and divide into two daughter cells (mitosis), or a decrease in the number of cells that die according to different modalities, the most prominent one being apoptosis (1), or both. Insulin and IGF-I are both capable of facilitating cell progression through the cell cycle, and of inhibiting apoptotic mechanisms. In…

Microbial Cultivation In Different Scales in the CELL-tainer® Rocking Single-use Bioreactor

Single-use bioreactors are applied in the biopharmaceutical industry for mammalian cell culture processes. The low gas-liquid mass transfer coefficient generally achieved in these systems does not allow for the compatable application of microbial processes in these bioreactor systems. The CELL-tainer® technology combines a vertical and horizontal movement in a rocking bioreactor concept, so that the turbulence and power input is intensified. In this system, mass transfer rates comparable to stirred tank reactors are achievable. Thus, volumetric oxygen transfer rates (kLa)…

Rapid Antigen Production in Pseudomonas fluorescens Utilizing a High-throughput, Parallel Processing Approach

Pseudomonas fluorescens, a Gram-negative bacterium, has been specifically developed as a protein production platform to enable rapid identification of strains capable of expressing high titers of soluble and active protein. Pfēnex Expression Technology (TM) employs a toolbox of engineered P. fluorescens host strains, including protease deficient mutants and chaperone/ foldase overexpressors combined with a set of expression vectors encoding a variety of transcription and translation regulators, as well as a collection of periplasmic secretion signals. High-throughput automated transformation, growth, and…

A Systematic Strategy of Cell Culture Media and Feed Development

Development of a high-performance and robust fed-batch process for recombinant Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines presents challenges in light of the diverse nutritional requirements observed with different clonally derived cell lines as well as the varied production phases. To address these challenges, we will discuss an innovative strategy of media, feed, and process development that has been developed at FUJIFILM Diosynth Biotechnologies (FDB). The efficiency and effectiveness of this strategy have been well demonstrated in multiple mAb-producing CHO cell…

Continuous Bioprocessing: A CMO’s Perspective

The maturation of many process industries is marked by transition from batch to continuous processing. Often this move to con-tinuous processing determines the winners in the industry. Will the bioprocess industry go the same way? The analogy is often drawn to the chemical industry where continuous processing is widely applied. Although available for many decades continuous bioprocessing is not yet a mainstay of the industry. Currently there is a ground swell of feeling within the bioprocess industry that the time…

Viral Vector Production in the Integrity® iCELLis® Disposable Fixed-bed Bioreactor from Bench-scale to Industrial Scale

Recombinant viruses (e.g. lentivirus and adeno-associated-virus) can be used as human gene therapy vectors. They are mainly produced in adherent cell cultures (e.g. HEK293T, A549, VERO) in Roller Bottles or multiple-tray-stacks using either transient transfection or infection strategies. Therefore, the Integrity® iCELLis® (ATMI LifeSciences) line of bioreactors offers a new production alternative with stronger process controls and ease of scale-up.   The iCELLis bioreactor is designed for adherent cell culture applications. Cells grow on microfibers carriers packed in a fixed-bed…

Is the Gold Standard Tarnished? Weaknesses in the Standard Method Compromise Your RMM Validation

Introduction of a new Rapid Microbial Method (RMM) requires a full validation. The purpose of the validation is to prove that equivalent or better results are obtained using the new method when compared to the compendia. One assumes that the result obtained with the compendial method is absolute and is the “Gold Standard” by which to compare the new test. In reality, the compendial method exhibits a number of weaknesses that compromise the integrity of the validation. The standard requires…

Maximizing Protein Expression in CHO Suspension Cells Through Transient Transfection

Transient transfection in mammalian cell lines provides an avenue for researchers to bridge the development bottleneck and shorten the time to usable protein. The method also maintains post translational modifications crucial for biotherapeutic function. Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) suspension cells are especially suited for high yield production of recombinant proteins, despite being refractory to commonly used transfection methods (e.g. 25kDa linear PEI). Mirus Bio has developed a more effective alternative, the TransIT-PRO® Transfection Kit. Transfection efficiencies are affected by many…