Downstream Processing

Process Improvements Increase Production Capacity of a Legacy Product

Implementation of postlicensure process improvements in the biopharmaceutical industry can benefit patients and drug manufacturers alike. Here we demonstrate through a case study how a change to the cell culture medium and process can be taken from proof of concept through scale-up to demonstration of feasibility. We further illustrate the scope and complexity of implementing a change in commercial manufacturing to realize significant benefits such as increased production capacity over an existing legacy process. The Importance of Postapproval Improvements Drug…

Impact of Process Interruption on Virus Retention of Small-Virus Filters

Manufacturers of biopharmaceuticals using mammalian cell culture must have processes in place to minimize the likelihood of virus contamination of their products. Regulatory agencies provide guidelines for testing strategies and best practices to assure raw-material safety and control of the manufacturing process. Safety assurance relies on an interdependent matrix of managed risks, including characterization and control of raw materials, extensive testing of process intermediates, and demonstration of the virus removal capabilities of purification unit operations Figure 1:  () A dedicated…

Effects of Pressure Sensor Calibration Offset on Filter Integrity Test Values

Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European good manufacturing practices (GMPs) require integrity testing of sterilizing-grade filters for producing injectables and other biologics. The diffusion test (also called the forward-flow test) and bubble-point test (also called the disk test) of a sterilizing-grade filter are both filter-integrity tests. The accuracy of both relies on calibration of a pressure sensor in the respective integrity test unit. Calibration of the pressure sensor of a filter-integrity testing device is an essential part of quality…

Next Generation Depth Filters for the Clarification of Flocculated Mammalian Cell Culture

Increasingly high cell density, high product titer cell cultures, containing mammalian cells are placing a larger burden on traditional downstream clarification and purification operations due to higher product and impurity levels. EMD Millipore has addressed these challenges by developing a proprietary single-use technology to improve primary and secondary direct depth filtration of flocculated high cell density mammalian cell cultures. The use of graded depth filters, combined with pre-treatment technologies, have achieved higher primary throughput capacities and lower flushing volumes as…

Liquid-Liquid Porometry of Viresolve® Pro Membrane

A liquid-liquid porometry (LLP) test was developed to characterize the pore size distribution of Viresolve® Pro membrane. Data generated by this test supports the understanding of the size-based virus removal mechanism of the filter. The LLP test also is used at-line during membrane casting. Process control based on LLP results improves membrane consistency.

A Case Study: 3-step Process for Efficient mAb Purification

This study showcases a portfolio of commercially available biopharmaceutical chromatography resins designed for the efficient purification of monoclonal antibodies. A 3-step purification process has been implemented which showed effective removal of the main contaminants, low ligand leakage, and high yields over the entire process. Eshmuno® A affinity chromatography resin was evaluated as the first step in the process. The Protein A elution pool was further purified using cation exchange chromatography. Two cation exchange resins with different selectivities were compared. The…

Scalable Method for Packing Chromatography Columns

Currently the bio-pharmaceutical industry is heading towards cost cutting, time saving and single use manufacturing approach. This has opened up a whole new market for disposable technologies. Pre-packed disposable chromatography columns are a best fit for preclinical and clinical stage Monoclonal Antibody (mAb) production and vaccine manufacturing processes which require quick turnaround times and aggressive validation respectively. This work describes development of pre-packed and ready to use chromatography columns to meet this need in the industry. A robust packing method…

Platform Purification of a Domain Antibody

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) are very successful for treatment of several different cancers and tumors. However, the low tissue penetration has led to the development of smaller sized biopharmaceuticals (Ab fragments) such as Fabs, single chain Fv (scFv) and domain antibodies (Dabs). These molecules lack the Fc part of the antibody making a platform purification approach using Protein A impossible. However, with the introduction of the Protein L based affinity chromatography media (Capto™ L) new possibilities are introduced for capture of…

Progress On A Fully Disposable Downstream Platform: A Simple, Risk-Free, Plug-in Solution To Solve The DSP Bottleneck

Natrix HD Membrane technology features a polymeric hydrogel formed within a flexible porous support matrix. The support matrix provides mechanical strength, while the hydrogel properties determine the separation chemistry of the product. An advantage of the Natrix chemistry is the ability to place virtually any functional group chemistry throughout the hydrogel polymer. Natrix HD membrane technology combines the superior binding capacity of conventional resinbased columns with the high throughput of membranes in a single-use format that eliminates costly packing, cleaning,…