Downstream Processing

Downstream Technology Landscape for Large-Scale Therapeutic Cell Processing

The cell therapy industry (CTI) is poised to grow rapidly over the next decade, treating millions of patients and generating annual revenues into the tens of billions of US dollars (1, 2). To meet that high-growth demand, large CTI system manufacturers (e.g., Corning, Nunc/Nalgene, and GE Healthcare) and leading contract manufacturing organizations (CMOs, such as Lonza) are developing and integrating new upstream technology platforms such as gas-permeable membranes and microcarrier-based bioreactors to significantly increase therapeutic cell culture productivity. As those…

Advocating an Evolution

In a 2006 report, the US Department of Health and Human Services hailed regenerative medicine as “the vanguard of 21st century healthcare” and “the first truly interdisciplinary field that utilizes and brings together nearly every field in science” (1). To fuel support for regulatory, legislative, and reimbursement initiatives in this new therapeutic class, a small group of scientists, life science business executives, patient advocates, and other experts formed the Alliance for Regenerative Medicine (ARM, http://alliancerm.org). Starting with 17 charter members,…

Performance of a Salt-Tolerant Membrane Adsorber in Flow-Through Mode

Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) have become the most prevalent therapeutics in the biopharmaceutical industry. Their downstream purification typically involves protein A chromatography as a capture step followed by one or two additional chromatographic polishing steps. Additional unit operations dedicated specifically for viral clearance (e.g., viral inactivation and filtration) are added to ensure product safety. According to a survey of Amgen processes, after processing through a protein A column, only trace amounts of impurities such as Chinese hamster ovary cell protein (CHOP)…

Evaluation of a New Single-Use UV Sensor for Protein A Capture

As the adoption of single-use systems continues to expand beyond bags and tubing to complete process steps, a full range of sensing technologies will be needed to complement the resulting varied single-use applications. Single-use sensors must meet or exceed the performance of traditional sensing technologies in areas such as accuracy, response time, ease of use, control system integration, process compatibility, regulatory requirements, and cost. Single-use flow-through process sensors are currently available for pressure, temperature, flow, and conductivity. Here, we report…

Preformulation Development of a Recombinant Targeted Secretion Inhibitor

Our company carried out a preformulation study on a recombinant targeted secretion inhibitor (TSI) with contract research organization (CRO) Avacta Analytical. In this protein, the binding domain of botulinum toxin is replaced to broaden the toxin’s therapeutic potential and allow drug development to be targeted towards a specific disease. In our study, we took advantage of the high-throughput, microvolume protein analysis of Avacta’s Optim 1000 fluorescence and light-scattering instrument (which is distributed in the United States by Pall Corporation). It…

Vendor Voices: Flexible Manufacturing

One strong take-away message from BPI’s flexible facilities supplement (December 2012) is that there is no single road to achieving a flexible manufacturing process. The ability to quickly modify a unit operation, process line, or entire facility to accommodate change certainly depends on several factors. Flexibility is no longer exclusively linked to single-use systems for one specific operation. It connects facility design, staffing models, and revamped technologies. Vendors and suppliers are hearing first-hand what the industry wants in flexible operations.…

Rapid Detection of Pandemics

A Coronavirus — like severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) — is back in the headlines. On returning from a trip to Saudi Arabia in summer 2012, a Qatari national was struck down by a mystery respiratory illness. Because of inadequate diagnostic capabilities, the patient was transferred from Qatar to London for intensive-care treatment and diagnosis. The UK Health Protection Agency (HPA) confirmed infection with the same Coronavirus strain discovered by a Dutch team following the death of a Saudi national…

EtoxiClear™: A New Adsorbent for the Efficient Removal of Endotoxin From Biopharmaceuticals

Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are highly toxic components of the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria and are often present in significant amounts in bacterial cell culture expression systems such as E. coli. A number of methods have been adopted for the removal of endotoxin based on adsorption, in particular ion-exchange chromatography. Although downstream processing can significantly reduce endotoxin levels in the product, efficient and cost-effective removal of residual endotoxin from biopharmaceutical preparations remains a challenge. This technical poster addresses the…

Bio-Simplex™ Single-Use, Aseptic PreCulture Systems

The growth and aseptic transfer of a microbial pre-culture from seed vial to bioreactor is a critical process step in the production of BioPharmaceuticals. The pre-culture step is performed in a biological safety cabinet or laminar flow hood, which adds time and significant cost and to the process. Saint-Gobain Bio-Simplex™ Single-Use Pre-culture Systems provide a sterile environment for cell culture and aseptic transfer of all fluids in and out of each cell culture vessel.

Sartopore (R) Platinum Sterile Filtration, Redefined

We introduce a new class of Sterile Filtration for Biopharmaceutical industry with Sartopore® Platinum. It offers exceptional total throughput, thanks to its patent-pending TwinPleat technology with 1 m2 area/10” element. At the heart of Sartopore® Platinum are PES membranes permanently hydrophilized with proprietary grafting of thermally stable polymer on to membrane surfaces. This leads to minimal wetting requirements prior to Integrity testing with < 5 L./10” preflush needed in < 1 min. They also offer low Protein Binding and low…