Manufacturing

Introduction: Cell-Line Engineering and Development at BPI West

Critical to the manufacturing of biotherapeutics is development of robust and stable cell lines that express high-quality products in large quantities. Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells are the “workhorse” expression host for manufacturing glycoprotein-based therapeutics — from antibodies to enzymes and hormones and beyond — making them the subject of most industry discussion regarding both cell-line development (CLD) and engineering. Most methods, technologies, and strategies apply regardless of the type of protein to be expressed or the type of cells…

eBook: Biopharmaceutical Outsourcing — Capacities, Companies, and Current Trends

Although many biopharmaceutical companies leverage in-house capabilities to produce their therapies, contract manufacturing partners represent a significant part of the biologics industry. Recent capacity investments, facility expansions, and mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity even suggest that third-party biologics production is gaining traction. In this eBook, BioProcess Insider’s founding editor, Dan Stanton, takes the pulse of today’s outsourcing sector. First, he speaks with Dawn Ecker (director of bioTRAK database services at BDO) to establish what kinds of companies are amassing mammalian…

Growing Value of Artificial Intelligence in Biopharmaceutical Operations

Some people have found significant disillusionment regarding artificial intelligence’s (AI’s) limitations in application. For example, mass-media productions (e.g., Ex Machina) encourage the goal of achieving general AI or super AI, which supplies comprehensive, self-instituted results. In truth, narrow AI — which addresses only one task and provides specific results — is growing rapidly, both in power and number of applications (1). Although many different modeling methods remain dominant, AI is providing significant and increasing value in drug discovery, process development,…

eBook: Intensifying Processes for Monoclonal Antibodies

The commercial manufacturing success of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) has become a touchstone of the biopharmaceutical industry. MAbs are so well established that they often are referred to as “traditional” biologics, and well-known MAb processing methods have become a model for processing of other “advanced” or “emerging” therapies. But MAb processing continues to advance as biomanufacturers seek ways to improve efficiencies, lower costs, and (most recently) increase sustainability of facilities. Drug makers are particularly interested in strategies for MAb process intensification.…

Scalability in Cell and Gene Therapy Facilities: How Today’s Developers Are Preparing for Tomorrow’s Commercial Success

Propelled by year after year of record-setting investments and regulatory approvals, cell and gene therapy (CGT) innovators are on track to revolutionize medicine by providing potential cures for many conditions. Now, CGT manufacturers must plan for a future beyond the production constraints of laboratories. What needs to happen now to prepare for a sustainable, commercially viable scale-up process in years to come? To answer that and other important questions about CGT production, my company, the CRB Group, surveyed more than…

Process Intelligence: Gene Therapy Case Study Shows That the Journey to Improved Capabilities Starts with One Step

The product development team at a gene therapy contract development and manufacturing organization (CDMO) was working on a high-priority drug-substance project for a key client. The material was crucial to that client’s early stage clinical trial, with an immediate value over US$500,000 to both the client and the CDMO. Unfortunately, the bioreactor used in the upstream process — a transfection unit operation for an adenoassociated virus (AAV) vector — had developed an intermittent problem that could force it to shut…

The CRISPR Saga (So Far)

Since January 2016 (with a brief interlude as described below), the Patent Trial and Appeal Board has been attempting to adjudicate the proper inventorship of CRISPR technology in (to date) six separate patent-interference proceedings. (Scientific “priority has been decided, for now, by the awarding of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry to Jennifer Doudna and Emmanuelle Charpentier in 2020; see the “Priority Claims” box). CRISPR-based gene editing was hailed as the “Breakthrough of the Year” in 2015 (1), and the scientific…

Partnerships Are Crucial to Getting Advanced Treatments to Market

New treatments and approaches for tackling serious diseases are being developed using cell and gene therapy (CGT). CGTs are adding a new dimension to the way patients with such conditions can be treated in modern healthcare. But these advanced treatments require complex research, development, and manufacturing processes. CGTs are related and to a degree interchangeable. However, gene therapies typically use some kind of genetic delivery system, (e.g., virus-based vectors) to treat a disease by replacing a malfunctioning gene or introducing…

Advancing Logistics for ATMP Manufacturing

Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMPs) hold much potential for improving healthcare. They offer hope for treating or even curing patients. The biopharmaceutical industry has recognized the importance of making such therapies accessible to as many people as possible. To provide personalized ATMPs, biomanufacturers are shifting toward flexible, patient-centered production processes. A Paradigm Shift in ATMP Manufacturing Ex vivo cell and gene therapies are particularly promising approaches to personalized regenerative medicine. Thus, it is no surprise that the numbers of US…

Navigating New Options for Commercial-Scale Biopharmaceutical Production

Scalability remains a critically important topic for biopharmaceutical companies. For conventional protein products, the strategy once was straightforward: Drug makers would scale up, beginning with cultures in flasks and roller bottles to grow enough cells to inoculate laboratory-scale (often glass) bioreactors, then again to pilot- and commercial-scale, stainless-steel, stirred-tank bioreactors. At their highest volumes, such reactors can handle tens of thousands of liters of cells and growth media. If a drug developer did not have the requisite equipment to scale…